The Revolving Door and Worker Flows in Banking Regulation
David O. Lucca
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of New York
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business
University of British Columbia (UBC) - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
November 14, 2013
This paper traces career transitions of federal and state U.S. banking regulators from a large sample of publicly available curricula vitae, and provides basic facts on worker flows between the regulatory and private sector resulting from the revolving door. We find strong countercyclical net worker flows into regulatory jobs, driven largely by higher gross outflows into the private sector during booms. These worker flows are also driven by state-specific banking conditions as measured by local banks’ profitability, asset quality and failure rates. The regulatory sector seems to experience a retention challenge over time, with shorter regulatory spells for workers, and especially those with higher education. Evidence from cross-state enforcement actions of regulators shows gross inflows into regulation and gross outflows from regulation are both higher during periods of intense enforcement, though gross outflows are significantly smaller in magnitude. These results appear inconsistent with a "quid-pro-quo" explanation of the revolving door, but consistent with a "regulatory schooling" hypothesis.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 44
Keywords: Banking Regulation, Revolving Door, Inter-industry Worker Flows
JEL Classification: G21, G28
Date posted: June 14, 2014
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