The Effect of Patent Litigation and Patent Assertion Entities on Entrepreneurial Activity
Catherine E. Tucker
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Management Science (MS)
June 22, 2014
This paper empirically investigates the statistical relation between levels of patent litigation and venture capital ("VC") investment in the U.S. We find that VC investment, a major funding source for entrepreneurial activity, initially increases with the number of litigated patents, but that there is a "tipping point" where further increases in the number of patents litigated are associated with decreased VC investment, which suggests an inverted U-shaped relation between patent litigation and VC investment. This appears strongest for technology patents, and negligible for products such as pharmaceuticals. There is some evidence of a similar inverted U-shaped relation between patent litigation and the creation of new small firms. Strikingly, we find evidence that litigation by frequent patent litigators, a proxy for PAE litigation, is directly associated with decreased VC investment with no positive effects initially.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 41
Keywords: Intellectual Property, Patents, Patent Assertion Entities, Patent Litigation, Patent Trolls, Entrepreneurship, Venture Capital
JEL Classification: K41, M20
Date posted: June 23, 2014 ; Last revised: June 25, 2014
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