Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=248594
 
 

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Alcohol Control Policies and Motor Vehicle Fatalities


Frank J. Chaloupka


University of Illinois at Chicago - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Henry Saffer


National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Michael Grossman


National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), NY Office; City University of New York Graduate Center

July 1993

NBER Working Paper No. w3831

Abstract:     
The purpose of this study is to estimate the effects of drunk driving deterrents and other alcohol related policies on drunk driving. The data set employed is an annual time-series of state cross-sections for the 48 contiguous states of the U.S. from 1982 through 1988. Total and alterative alcohol involved motor vehicle fatality rates, for the general population and for 18 to 20 year olds, are used as measures of drunk driving. The results indicate that the moat effective policies are increased beer taxes and mandatory administrative license actions. Maintaining the beer tax at its real 1951 value would have reduced fatalities by 11.5 percent annually, on average, during the sample period. A mandatory administrative license sanction of one year would have reduced fatalities by 9 percent. The next most effective policies are a 21 year old legal drinking age, preliminary breath test and dram shop laws and relatively large mandatory fines. These policies each reduce total fatalities by about 5 to 6 percent. No plea bargaining provisions and mandatory license sanctions upon conviction are also found to have some deterrent effect. Other drunk driving laws tested include mandatory jail sentences and community service options, illegal per se laws, and open container laws. None of these were found to have a deterrent effect on drunk driving.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 34

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Date posted: February 10, 2001  

Suggested Citation

Chaloupka, Frank J. and Saffer, Henry and Grossman, Michael, Alcohol Control Policies and Motor Vehicle Fatalities (July 1993). NBER Working Paper No. w3831. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=248594

Contact Information

Frank J. Chaloupka (Contact Author)
University of Illinois at Chicago - Department of Economics ( email )
m/c 144 601 South Morgan St., Room 2103
Chicago, IL 60607-7121
United States
312-413-2367 (Phone)
312-996-3344 (Fax)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
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Henry Saffer
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )
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Fifth Floor
New York, NY 10016-4309
United States
212-817-7956 (Phone)
212-817-1597 (Fax)
Michael Grossman
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), NY Office ( email )
365 Fifth Avenue, 5th Floor
New York, NY 10016-4309
United States
212-817-7959 (Phone)
212-817-1597 (Fax)
City University of New York Graduate Center ( email )
365 Fifth Avenue, 5th Floor
New York, NY 10016
United States
212-817-7959 (Phone)
212-817-1597 (Fax)
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