IPOs, Acquisitions and the Use of Convertible Securities in Venture Capital
Thomas F. Hellmann
Saïd Business School, University of Oxford ; University of British Columbia (UBC) - Sauder School of Business; University of Oxford - Said Business School
Sauder School of Business Working Paper
This paper provides a new explanation for the use of convertible preferred equity in venture capital. It explains that the key feature of the convertible security is to create different cash flow rights for acquisitions and IPOs. It shows how the convertible security implements an optimal trade-off between the need to allocate cash flows to the venture capitalist and the desire to make efficient exit decisions. This approach also explains some puzzling contract features, such as automatic conversion in case of an IPO, or the use of participating preferred equity, where conversion never benefits the investors.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 34
Keywords: Venture Capital, security design, convertible securities
JEL Classification: G32
Date posted: January 27, 2001
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