Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=259848
 
 

Citations



 


 



Why Is the Japanese Conviction Rate So High?


J. Mark Ramseyer


Harvard Law School

Eric Bennett Rasmusen


Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Business Economics & Public Policy


Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 30, No. 1, January 2001

Abstract:     
Conviction rates in Japan exceed 99 percent. Because Japanese judges can be penalized by a personnel office if they rule in ways the office dislikes, perhaps they face biased incentives to convict. Using data on the careers and opinions of 321 Japanese judges, we find that judges who acquit do have worse careers following the acquittal. On closer examination, though, we find that the punished judges are not those who acquit on the ground that the prosecutors charged the wrong person. Rather, they acquit for reasons of statutory or constitutional interpretation, often in politically charged cases. Thus, the apparent punishment seems unrelated to any pro-conviction bias at the judical administration offices. We suggest an alternative explanation: the high conviction rates reflect case selection and low prosecutorial budgets; understaffed prosecutors present judges with only the most obviously guilty defendants.

JEL Classification: K41, K42

Accepted Paper Series





Not Available For Download

Date posted: April 16, 2001  

Suggested Citation

Ramseyer, J. Mark and Rasmusen, Eric Bennett, Why Is the Japanese Conviction Rate So High?. Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 30, No. 1, January 2001. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=259848

Contact Information

J. Mark Ramseyer (Contact Author)
Harvard Law School ( email )
1575 Massachusetts
Hauser 406
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-496-4878 (Phone)
617-496-6118 (Fax)
Eric Bennett Rasmusen
Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Business Economics & Public Policy ( email )
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Bloomington, IN Enter your state here 47405
United States
812-855-9219 (Phone)
812-855-3354 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://rasmusen.org

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