Beyond Bentham-Measuring Procedural Utility
Bruno S. Frey
CREMA; Behavioural Science; Economics
University of Basel - Department of Business and Economics; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
CESifo Working Paper Series No. 492, IEER Working Paper No. 76
We propose that outcome utility and process utility can be distinguished and empirically measured. People gain procedural utility from participating in the political decision-making process itself, irrespective of the outcome. Nationals enjoy both outcome and process utility, while foreigners are excluded from political decision-making and therefore cannot enjoy the corresponding procedural utility. Utility is measured by individuals' reported subjective well-being or happiness. We find that participation rights provide more procedural utility in terms of a feeling of self-determination and influence than actual participation.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 33
Keywords: Procedural Utility, Subjective Well-Being, Political Participation, Participation Rights
JEL Classification: D60, D63, D72, H73, I31working papers series
Date posted: April 25, 2001
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