EVA and Cash Value Added Do Not Measure Shareholder Value Creation
University of Navarra - IESE Business School
May 22, 2001
We analyze 582 American companies using EVA, MVA, NOPAT and WACC data provided by Stern Stewart. For each of the 582 companies, we have calculated the 10-year correlation between the increase in the MVA (Market Value Added) each year and each year's EVA, NOPAT and WACC. For 296 (of the 582) companies, the correlation between the increase in the MVA each year and the NOPAT was greater than the correlation between the increase in the MVA ach year and the EVA. There are 210 companies for which the correlation with the EVA has been negative! The average correlation between the increase in the MVA and EVA, NOPAT and WACC was 16%, 21% and -21.4%. The average correlation between the increase in the MVA and the increases of EVA, NOPAT and WACC was 18%, 22.5% and -4.1%.
We also find that the correlation between the shareholder return in 1994-1998 and the increase in the CVA (according to the Boston Consulting Group) of the world's 100 most profitable companies was 1.7%.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 17
Keywords: Shareholder value creation, Shareholder return, Value creation, EVA, Cash value added, Economic profit, Management performance indicator, Valuation
JEL Classification: G12, G31, M21Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: June 5, 2001
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