Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2721979
 


 



Managers’ Political Ideology and Gender Inequality in Hiring and Promotion


Seth Carnahan


University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business

Brad N. Greenwood


Temple University - Department of Management Information Systems

January 25, 2016

Fox School of Business Research Paper No. 16-024

Abstract:     
Significant prior research has examined the role that managers play in producing gender inequality in organizations, but little work has directly explored the role of managers’ beliefs and attitudes. We bring managers’ beliefs and attitudes to the fore by theorizing about the relationship between managers’ political ideology, situated on a liberal-conservative continuum, and the level of gender inequality among their subordinates. Using novel microdata from the legal services industry, we find that law offices whose partners are more liberal have lower rates of gender inequality in the hiring and promotion of associate attorneys. Further, examining the interaction between partners’ gender and partners’ political ideology, we find that the political ideology of male partners is significantly more powerful in affecting these differences as compared with the ideology of female partners. Finally, we do not find evidence that these differences are driven by selection, in the form of higher quality female associates choosing to work for more liberal partners. We discuss the implications of our theory and findings for individual careers and firm performance.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 51

Keywords: Gender, inequality, employment relation, labor markets


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Date posted: January 26, 2016 ; Last revised: August 11, 2016

Suggested Citation

Carnahan, Seth and Greenwood, Brad N., Managers’ Political Ideology and Gender Inequality in Hiring and Promotion (January 25, 2016). Fox School of Business Research Paper No. 16-024. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2721979 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2721979

Contact Information

Seth Carnahan
University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business ( email )
701 Tappan Street
Ann Arbor, MI MI 48109
United States
Brad N. Greenwood (Contact Author)
Temple University - Department of Management Information Systems ( email )
1810 N. 13th Street
Floor 2
Philadelphia, PA 19128
United States

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