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Bootleggers, Baptists, and the Global Warming Battle

Stuart Buck


Bruce Yandle

Clemson University - John E. Walker Department of Economics

August 14, 2001

Our article addresses the Kyoto Protocol in light of Prof. Yandle's "bootleggers and Baptists" theory of regulation, a subset of the economic theory of regulation. The theory's name is meant to evoke 19th century laws banning alcohol sales on Sundays. Baptists supported Sunday closing laws for moral and religious reasons, while bootleggers were eager to stifle their legal competition. Thus, politicians were able to pose as acting in the interests of public morality, even while taking contributions from bootleggers. We argue that a similar phenomenon took place in the battle over the Kyoto Protocol, where the "Baptist" environmental groups provided moral support while "bootlegger" corporations and nations worked in the background to seek economic advantages over their rivals.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 67

Keywords: Kyoto, economic theory of regulation, economics, regulation, environmental, Yandle, bootleggers and Baptists

JEL Classification: K00, K32, K33, L51, L50, Q25

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Date posted: August 17, 2001  

Suggested Citation

Buck, Stuart and Yandle, Bruce, Bootleggers, Baptists, and the Global Warming Battle (August 14, 2001). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=279914 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.279914

Contact Information

Stuart Buck (Contact Author)
Independent ( email )
Thomas Yandle
Clemson University - John E. Walker Department of Economics ( email )
Clemson, SC 29634
United States
864-656-3970 (Phone)
864-656-4192 (Fax)
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