The Effect of Employment Protection on Worker Effort: A Comparison of Absenteeism During and After Probation
European University Institute - Economics Department (ECO); University of Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)
Regina T. Riphahn
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg - Department of Economics; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)
CESifo Working Paper Series No. 596; IZA Discussion Paper No. 385
Employment protection systems are known to generate significant distortions in firms' hiring and firing decisions. We know much less about the impact of these regulations on worker effort. The goal of this paper is to fill in this gap and in particular to assess whether the provision of employment protection induces less effort among workers in the form of absenteeism.
Our analysis is based on weekly observations for the 858 white collar workers hired by a large Italian bank between January 1993 and February 1995. These workers begin to be protected against firing only after the twelfth week of tenure and we observe them for one year. We show that the number of days of absence per week more than doubles once employment protection is granted, thus confirming what is suggested by our theoretical model and what is typically assumed in the literature. We also discuss how this evidence can be used to estimate what the absenteeism rate would be in Italy if employment protection were eliminated.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 20
Keywords: Probation, Employment Protection, Absenteeism, Worker Effort
JEL Classification: M50, J24, J31, J41working papers series
Date posted: October 28, 2001
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