The Effect of Health on Economic Growth: Theory and Evidence
David E. Bloom
Harvard University - Harvard School of Public Health; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
Queen's University Belfast
Harvard University - Harvard School of Public Health
NBER Working Paper No. w8587
Macroeconomists acknowledge the contribution of human capital to economic growth, but their empirical studies define human capital solely in terms of schooling. In this paper, we extend production function models of economic growth to account for two additional variables that microeconomists have identified as fundamental components of human capital: work experience and health. Our main result is that good health has a positive, sizable, and statistically significant effect on aggregate output. We find little variation across countries in average work experience, thus differentials in work experience account for little variation in rates of economic growth. Finally, we find that the effects of average schooling on national output are consistent with microeconomic estimates of the effects of individual schooling on earnings, suggesting that education creates no discernible externalities.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 26
Date posted: November 10, 2001
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