Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=291559
 
 

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Does Entry Regulation Hinder Job Creation? Evidence from the French Retail Industry


Marianne Bertrand


University of Chicago - Booth School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Francis Kramarz


National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

November 2001

CEPR Discussion Paper No. 3039

Abstract:     
Are product market and entry regulation key sources of low employment growth in many European countries? We investigate this question in the context of the French retail industry. Since 1974, approval by regional zoning boards has been required for the creation or extension of any large retail store in France. We exploit a unique database that provides time and region specific variation in boards' approval decisions. We show that stronger deterrence of entry by the boards, and the increase in large retail chains' concentration it induced, slowed down employment growth in France.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 58

Keywords: Zoning regulation, employment, retail trade

JEL Classification: J23, L43, L81

working papers series


Date posted: November 20, 2001  

Suggested Citation

Bertrand, Marianne and Kramarz, Francis, Does Entry Regulation Hinder Job Creation? Evidence from the French Retail Industry (November 2001). CEPR Discussion Paper No. 3039. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=291559

Contact Information

Marianne Bertrand (Contact Author)
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business ( email )
5807 S. Woodlawn Avenue
Chicago, IL 60637
United States
773-834-5943 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://gsbwww.uchicago.edu/fac/marianne.bertrand/vita/cv_0604.pdf
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-588-0341 (Phone)
617-876-2742 (Fax)
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
Francis Kramarz
National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST) ( email )
15 Boulevard Gabriel Peri
92245 Malakoff Cedex
France
+33 1 4117 6033 (Phone)
+33 1 4117 6046 (Fax)
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
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