Immigrants' Language Skills: The Australian Experience in a Longitudinal Survey
Barry R. Chiswick
University of Illinois at Chicago; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Yew L. Lee
University of Western Australia
Paul W. Miller
Curtin University of Technology - School of Economics and Finance; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); Curtin University of Technology - Centre for Research in Applied Economics
IZA Discussion Paper No. 502
This paper is concerned with the determinants of English language proficiency (speaking, reading and writing) among immigrants. It presents a model of immigrant destination language acquisition based on economic incentives, exposure to the destination anguage, and efficiency in second language acquisition. A unique data set, the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Australia, is used to test the model. This survey had three waves, at about 6 months, 18 months and 3 1/2 years after immigration. The analyses are performed by wave, type of language skill and gender using probit analysis. Bivariate probit analysis is used across waves. The hypotheses are supported by the data. The bivariate probit analysis indicates a positive correlation in the unexplained component that declines with time between waves, indicating a regression to the mean in English language proficiency.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 58
Keywords: Immigrants, Language Skills, Longitudinal Survey, Australia
JEL Classification: J15, J61, I29working papers series
Date posted: June 26, 2002
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