Recent Trends in Occupational Segregation by Gender: A Look Across the Atlantic
Juan Jose Dolado
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)
Universidad de Oviedo - Facultad de Economicas; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
Juan Francisco Jimeno-Serrano
Foundation for Applied Economic Research (FEDEA); Universidad de Alcala; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
CEPR Discussion Paper No. 3421
In this Paper, we analyse the recent patterns of occupational segregation by gender in the EU countries vis-a-vis the US. Given the lack of long time-series data on homogeneous LFS data about occupations and educational attainments for male and female workers in EU countries, we use a single cross section corresponding to 1999 as the basis of comparison, hoping to uncover convergence trends by examining whether the EU-US differentials in gender occupational segregation decline across age cohorts. The main findings of our study are: (i) gender segregation has been declining across age cohorts in the case of female graduates and has remained steady for those with lower educational levels; in particular, the level of segregation for the former group is higher in the EU than in the US; (ii) gender segregation seems to be positively correlated with the share of part-time jobs; and (iii) there is some evidence, albeit a weak one, that the gender wage gap and occupational segregation are positively correlated, particularly when the Scandinavian countries are excluded from the sample.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 40
Keywords: Occupational segregation, gender wage gap, part-time jobs
JEL Classification: J21, J22, J24working papers series
Date posted: August 8, 2002
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