Economic Strain, Ethnic Concentration and Attitudes Towards Foreigners in the European Union
Ira N. Gang
Rutgers University - Economics Department; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Inha University - Department of Economics; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
IZA Discussion Paper No. 578
This paper provides a statistical analysis of the determinants of attitudes towards foreigners displayed by Europeans sampled in Eurobarometer surveys in 1988 and 1997. Europeans who compete with immigrants in the labor market have more negative attitudes towards foreigners. In addition, an increased concentration of immigrants in local neighborhoods increases the likelihood of negative attitudes. Racial prejudice exerts a strong influence on anti-foreigner sentiment. The generally rising trend towards greater racial prejudice, and the decline in the strength of educational attainment in reducing negative attitudes towards foreigners, contribute to the increasing anti-foreigner attitudes between 1988 and 1997.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 41
Keywords: Anti-foreigner, Labor Force Status, Ethnic Concentration, Probit Decomposition, Racial Prejudice, Attitudes, Sentiments Towards Migrants
JEL Classification: J15, J61, F22
Date posted: October 10, 2002
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