Outside Offers and the Gender Pay Gap: Empirical Evidence from the UK
University of Wales, Swansea
Alison L. Booth
Australian National University (ANU) - Research School of Social Sciences (RSSS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
University of London, Royal Holloway College - Department of Economics
CEPR Discussion Paper No. 3549
Using a unique data source on academic economist labour market experiences, we explore gender, pay and promotions. In addition to earnings and productivity measures, we have information on outside offers and perceptions of discrimination. In contrast to the existing literature, we find both a gender promotions gap and a within-rank gender pay gap. A driving factor may be the role of outside offers: men receive more outside offers than women of comparable characteristics, and gain higher pay increases in response to outside offers. This may arise due to discrimination, and we find that perceptions of discrimination and also outside job applications correlate with an individual receiving earnings below that expected, given their characteristics.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 43
Keywords: Gender, promotions, earnings, discrimination
JEL Classification: J16, J33, J71
Date posted: October 25, 2002
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