Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=351414
 


 



Changes in American and British Stature Since the Mid-Eighteenth Century: A Prelimanary Report on the Usefulness of Data on Height..


Robert W. Fogel


University of Chicago - Booth School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Stanley L. Engerman


University of Rochester - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Roderick Floud


London Metropolitan University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Richard H. Steckel


Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

James Trussell


Princeton University - Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Kenneth Wachter


Independent

Kenneth L. Sokoloff


University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Georgia C. Villaflor


National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Robert A. Margo


Boston University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Gerald Friedman


University of Massachusetts at Amherst - College of Social and Behavioral Sciences - Department of Economics

May 1982

NBER Working Paper No. w0890

Abstract:     
This paper is a progress report on the usefulness of data on physical height for the analysis of long-ten changes in the level of nutrition and health on economic, social, and demographic behavior. It is based on a set of samples covering the U.S. and several other nations over the years from 1750 to the present. The preliminary results indicate that native-born. American Revolution, but there were long periods of declining nutrition and height during the 19th century. Similar cycling has been established for England. A variety of factors, including crop mix, urbanization, occupation, intensity of labor, and immigration affected the level of height and nutrition, although the relative importance of these factors has changed over time. There is evidence that nutrition affected labor productivity. In one of the samples individuals who were one standard deviation above the mean height (holding weight per inch of height constant) were about 8% more productive than individuals one standard deviation below the mean height. Another finding is that death did not choose people at random. Analysis of data for Trinidad indicates that the annual death rate for the shortest quintile of males was more than twice as great as for the tallest quintile of males.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 66

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Date posted: December 30, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Fogel , Robert W. and Engerman, Stanley L. and Floud, Roderick and Steckel, Richard H. and Trussell, James and Wachter, Kenneth and Sokoloff, Kenneth L. and Villaflor, Georgia C. and Margo, Robert A. and Friedman, Gerald, Changes in American and British Stature Since the Mid-Eighteenth Century: A Prelimanary Report on the Usefulness of Data on Height.. (May 1982). NBER Working Paper No. w0890. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=351414

Contact Information

Robert W. Fogel (Contact Author)
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business ( email )
1101 East 58th Street
Center for Population Economics
Chicago, IL 60637
United States
773-702-7709 (Phone)
773-702-2901 (Fax)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Stanley L. Engerman
University of Rochester - Department of Economics ( email )
Harkness Hall
Rochester, NY 14627-0158
United States
585-275-3165 (Phone)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Roderick Floud
London Metropolitan University ( email )
London, N7 8HN
United Kingdom
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Richard H. Steckel
Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Economics ( email )
1945 North High Street
Columbus, OH 43210-1172
United States
614-292-5008 (Phone)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
T. James Trussell
Princeton University - Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs ( email )
Princeton University
Princeton, NJ 08544-1021
United States
609-258-4810 (Phone)
609-258-1418 (Fax)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Kenneth Wachter
Independent
No Address Available
Kenneth L. Sokoloff
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics ( email )
Box 951477
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1477
United States
310-825-4249,310-825-1011 (Phone)
310-825-9528 (Fax)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Georgia C. Villaflor
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Robert A. Margo
Boston University - Department of Economics ( email )
270 Bay State Road
Boston, MA 02215
United States
617-353-6819 (Phone)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Gerald Friedman
University of Massachusetts at Amherst - College of Social and Behavioral Sciences - Department of Economics ( email )
10th Floor Thompson Hall
Amherst, MA 01003
United States
413-545-6357 (Phone)
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