Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=371102
 
 

References (25)



 
 

Citations (46)



 


 



Job Creation or Destruction? Labor-Market Effects of Wal-Mart Expansion


Emek Basker


University of Missouri - Department of Economics; U.S. Census Bureau - Center for Economic Studies


Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 87, No. 1, February 2005

Abstract:     
This paper estimates the effect of Wal-Mart expansion on retail employment at the county level. Using an instrumental-variables approach to correct for both measurement error in entry dates and endogeneity of the timing of entry, I find that Wal-Mart entry increases retail employment by 100 jobs in the year of entry. Half of this gain disappears over the next five years as other retail establishments exit and contract, leaving a long-run statistically significant net gain of 50 jobs. Wholesale employment declines by approximately 20 jobs due to Wal-Mart's vertical integration. No spillover effect is detected in retail sectors in which Wal-Mart does not compete directly, suggesting Wal-Mart does not create agglomeration economies in retail trade at the county level.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 34

Keywords: Wal-Mart, Employment, Retail, Wholesale

JEL Classification: J21, O33, J63

Accepted Paper Series





Download This Paper

Date posted: March 3, 2003 ; Last revised: November 18, 2007

Suggested Citation

Basker, Emek, Job Creation or Destruction? Labor-Market Effects of Wal-Mart Expansion. Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 87, No. 1, February 2005. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=371102 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.371102

Contact Information

Emek Basker (Contact Author)
University of Missouri - Department of Economics ( email )
118 Professional Building
Columbia, MO 65211
United States
573-882-6023 (Phone)
573-882-2697 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://web.missouri.edu/~baskere/
U.S. Census Bureau - Center for Economic Studies ( email )
4600 Silver Hill Road
Washington, DC 20233-9100
United States
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 13,878
Downloads: 2,449
Download Rank: 2,582
References:  25
Citations:  46

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo6 in 0.375 seconds