Surprise! Higher Dividends = Higher Earnings Growth
Robert D. Arnott
Research Affiliates, LLC
Clifford S. Asness
AQR Capital Management, LLC
Financial Analysts Journal, Vol. 59, No. 1, January/February 2003
We investigate whether dividend policy, as observed in the payout ratio of the U.S. equity market portfolio, forecasts future aggregate earnings growth. The historical evidence strongly suggests that expected future earnings growth is fastest when current payout ratios are high and slowest when payout ratios are low. This relationship is not subsumed by other factors, such as simple mean reversion in earnings. Our evidence thus contradicts the views of many who believe that substantial reinvestment of retained earnings will fuel faster future earnings growth. Rather, it is consistent with anecdotal tales about managers signaling their earnings expectations through dividends or engaging, at times, in inefficient empire building. Our findings offer a challenge to market observers who see the low dividend payouts of recent times as a sign of strong future earnings to come.
Keywords: Portfolio Management: asset allocation; Investment Theory: efficient market theory
Date posted: May 27, 2003
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