The Effects of Dollar Appreciation on Sectoral Labor Market Adjustments: Theory and Evidence
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Ida A. Mirzaie
Ohio State University
Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Vol. 43, pp. 89-117, 2003
We examine the extent to which exchange rate fluctuations affect sectoral employment and wages in the United States. We introduce a theoretical rational expectation model that decomposes movements in the exchange rate into anticipated and unanticipated components. The model demonstrates the effects of demand and supply channels on the response of the nominal wage and labor employment to changes in the exchange rate. The evidence indicates that the deflationary effect dominates on industrial nominal wage in manufacturing and transportation industries in the face of dollar appreciation. More importantly, there is evidence of a decrease in employment growth in several industries in response to dollar appreciation, which is statistically significant in construction and at the aggregate level. This evidence is consistent with a decrease in labor demand given the loss of competitiveness of U.S. products following dollar appreciation. There are negative effects of dollar appreciation on labor market conditions in the United States. Nonetheless, dollar appreciation is consistent with an increase in employment growth in the mining sector where the share of imports is the largest among U.S. industries.
Keywords: Dollar appreciation, Labor market, Wage
JEL Classification: F14, F31, F41, E24Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: April 22, 2003
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