References (41)


Citations (175)



Capital Structure Decisions

Murray Z. Frank

University of Minnesota

Vidhan K. Goyal

Hong Kong University of Science & Technology - Department of Finance

April 2003

AFA 2004 San Diego Meetings

This paper examines the relative importance of 39 factors in the leverage decisions of publicly traded U.S. firms. The pecking order and market timing theories do not provide good descriptions of the data. The evidence is generally consistent with tax/bankruptcy tradeoff theory and with stakeholder co-investment theory. The most reliable factors are median industry leverage (+ effect on leverage), bankruptcy risk as measured by Altman's Z-Score (- effect on leverage), firm size as measured by the log of sales (+), dividend- paying (-), intangibles (+), market-to-book ratio (-), and collateral (+). Somewhat less reliable effects are the variance of own stock returns (-), net operating loss carry forwards (-), financially constrained (-), profitability (-), change in total corporate assets (+), the top corporate income tax rate (+), and the Treasury bill rate (+). Using Markov Chain Monte Carlo multiple imputation to correct for missing-data-bias we find that the effect of profits and net operating loss carry forwards are not robust.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 56

Keywords: Capital structure, pecking order theory, tradeoff theory, stakeholder co-investment

JEL Classification: G32

Download This Paper

Date posted: May 28, 2003  

Suggested Citation

Frank, Murray Z. and Goyal, Vidhan K., Capital Structure Decisions (April 2003). AFA 2004 San Diego Meetings. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=396020 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.396020

Contact Information

Murray Z. Frank
University of Minnesota ( email )
Carlson School of Management
321 19th Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States
612-625-5678 (Phone)
Vidhan K. Goyal (Contact Author)
Hong Kong University of Science & Technology - Department of Finance ( email )
Clear Water Bay, Kowloon
Hong Kong
852-2358-7678 (Phone)
852-2358-1749 (Fax)
Feedback to SSRN

Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 29,755
Downloads: 8,724
Download Rank: 280
References:  41
Citations:  175

© 2015 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo4 in 0.359 seconds