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Governance Matters III: Governance Indicators for 1996-2002


Daniel Kaufmann


The Brookings Institution

Aart Kraay


World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Massimo Mastruzzi


World Bank Institute

June 30, 2003

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3106

Abstract:     
Kaufmann, Kraay, and Mastruzzi present estimates of six dimensions of governance covering 199 countries and territories for four time periods: 1996, 1998, 2000, and 2002. These indicators are based on several hundred individual variables measuring perceptions of governance, drawn from 25 separate data sources constructed by 18 different organizations. The authors assign these individual measures of governance to categories capturing key dimensions of governance and use an unobserved components model to construct six aggregate governance indicators in each of the four periods. They present the point estimates of the dimensions of governance as well as the margins of errors for each country for the four periods. The governance indicators reported here are an update and expansion of previous research work on indicators initiated in 1998 (Kaufmann, Kraay, and Zoido-Lobaton 1999a, b and 2002). The authors also address various methodological issues, including the interpretation and use of the data given the estimated margins of errors.

This paper - a joint product of the Global Governance Department, World Bank Institute, and Macroeconomics and Growth, Development Research Group - is part of a larger effort in the Bank to generate and analyze worldwide governance indicators, and to assess the causes and consequences of governance.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 116

JEL Classification: E00,H00,O10,C1,C3,C42,C43,D8,HO,H4,K0,K2,K4

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Date posted: June 18, 2003  

Suggested Citation

Kaufmann, Daniel and Kraay, Aart and Mastruzzi, Massimo, Governance Matters III: Governance Indicators for 1996-2002 (June 30, 2003). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3106. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=405841

Contact Information

Daniel Kaufmann (Contact Author)
The Brookings Institution ( email )
1775 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States
202-797-6257 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://www.thekaufmannpost.net
Aart Kraay
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )
1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-473-5756 (Phone)
202-522-3518 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/akraay
Massimo Mastruzzi
World Bank Institute ( email )
1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States
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