Prospects for Improving U.S. Patent Quality Via Post-Grant Opposition
Bronwyn H. Hall
University of California at Berkeley; University of Maastricht - Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS)
Stuart J.H. Graham
Georgia Institute of Technology - Scheller College of Business; United States Patent and Trademark Office
Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition; Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
David C. Mowery
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
NBER Working Paper No. w9731
The recent surge in U.S. patenting and expansion of patentable subject matter has increased patent office backlogs and raised concerns that in some cases patents of insufficient quality or with inadequate search of prior art are being issued. At the same time patent litigation and its costs are rising. This paper explores the potential of a post-grant review process modeled on the European opposition system to improve patent quality, reveal overlooked prior art, and reduce subsequent litigation. We argue that the welfare gains to such a system may be substantial.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 26
Date posted: May 25, 2003
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