Human Resource Management with Small Firms; Facts and Explanations
Jan M. P. De Kok
EIM Business and Policy Research
Lorraine M. Uhlaner
EDHEC Business School
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Centre for Advanced Small Business Economics (CASBEC); Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM); EIM Netherlands - Business and Policy Research; Tinbergen Institute
19 2003 3,
ERIM Report Series Reference No. ERS-2003-015-STR
This study examines determinants of the formalization of HRM practices with small firms. We derive five hypotheses that identify possible determinants of the level of formalization, including firm size, family business, the availability of an HRM department or HRM manager, and the existence of a formal business plan. We test these hypotheses using data on more than 700 Dutch small firms. We find that, within this sample of small firms, larger firms apply more formalized HRM practices than smaller firms do. However, once we take certain contextual variables into account, the direct relation with firm size becomes substantially less. Indirect relations with firm size also exist: firm size is a determinant of the probability that an HRM department is present, which in turn is related to the formalization of all HRM scales. Finally, family businesses apply less formal HRM practices, as do businesses without a business plan.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 30
Keywords: firm behavior, labor relations, personnel management, small and medium-sized enterprisesworking papers series
Date posted: May 28, 2003
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