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http://ssrn.com/abstract=4539
 
 

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Is Learning-by-Exporting Important? Micro-dynamic Evidence from Colombia, Mexico and Morocco


Sofronis Clerides


University of Cyprus - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); University of Bologna - Rimini Center for Economic Analysis (RCEA)

Saul Lach


Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics; CEPR

James Tybout


Pennsylvania State University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

July 1996

SERIES NAME: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System Finance and Economics Discussion Series; FEDS PAPER NUMBER: (96-30)

Abstract:     
Is there any empirical evidence that firms become more efficient after becoming exporters? Do firms that become exporters generate positive spillovers for domestically-oriented producers in their industry or region? In this paper we analyze the causal links between exporting and productivity using firm-level panel data from three semi-industrialized economies. Representing export market participation and production costs as jointly dependent autoregressive processes, we look for evidence that firms' stochastic cost process shifts when they break into foreign markets. We find that relatively more efficient firms become exporters, and that their costs are not affected by previous export market participation. This implies that self-selection of the more efficient firms into the export market, and not learning-by-exporting, explains the efficiency gap between exporter and non-exporters previously documented in the literature. Further, we find some evidence that exporters reduce the costs of breaking into foreign markets for domestically oriented producers, but do not appear to help these producers become more efficient.

JEL Classification: F1, F2, F00, 012

working papers series


Not Available For Download

Date posted: January 10, 1997  

Suggested Citation

Clerides, Sofronis and Lach, Saul and Tybout, James, Is Learning-by-Exporting Important? Micro-dynamic Evidence from Colombia, Mexico and Morocco (July 1996). SERIES NAME: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System Finance and Economics Discussion Series; FEDS PAPER NUMBER: (96-30). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=4539

Contact Information

Sofronis Clerides
University of Cyprus - Department of Economics ( email )
75 Kallipoleos Street
P.O. Box 20537
1678 Nicosia
Cyprus
+35 7 2289 2450 (Phone)
+35 7 2289 2432 (Fax)
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
University of Bologna - Rimini Center for Economic Analysis (RCEA) ( email )
Via Patara, 3
Rimini (RN), RN 47900
Italy
Saul Lach
Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics ( email )
Mount Scopus
Jerusalem, 91905
Israel
+972 2 588 3253 (Phone)
+972 2 581 6071 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://economics.huji.ac.il/facultye/saul/saul.html
CEPR
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
James R. Tybout (Contact Author)
Pennsylvania State University - Department of Economics ( email )
517 Kern Graduate Building
University Park, PA 16802-3306
United States
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
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