Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=477941
 
 

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Earnings Management Through Real Activities Manipulation


Sugata Roychowdhury


Boston College

Jume 2006


Abstract:     
I find evidence consistent with managers manipulating real activities to avoid reporting annual losses: price discounts to temporarily increase sales, overproduction to report lower cost of goods sold, and reduction of discretionary expenditures to improve reported margins among firms reporting small annual profits. Cross-sectional analysis reveals that these activities are less prevalent in the presence of sophisticated investors, suggesting that the activities do not contribute to long-run value. Other factors that influence the extent of real activities manipulation include industry membership, the stock of inventories and receivables, and finally, incentives to meet zero earnings, including the presence of debt and growth opportunities. There is also some, though less robust, evidence of real activities manipulation to meet annual analyst forecasts.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 54

Keywords: Real activities manipulation, small profits, earnings management, cash flow from operations, cash flow manipulation, real activities, real manipulation

JEL Classification: M1, M4, M41, M43

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Date posted: December 19, 2003  

Suggested Citation

Roychowdhury, Sugata, Earnings Management Through Real Activities Manipulation (Jume 2006). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=477941 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.477941

Contact Information

Sugata Roychowdhury (Contact Author)
Boston College ( email )
140 Commonwealth Avenue
Chestnut Hill, MA 02467
United States
617-552-1764 (Phone)
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