Tenure and Other Unusual Personnel Practices in Academia
University of Toronto - Department of Economics; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Vol. 14, No. 1, Spring 1998
Modern universities sell (teach) knowledge of social and scientific advances. In carrying out their objective, universities have to address three related constraints: 1) the problem of specialization as knowledge expands, 2) research obsolescence, and 3) the informational asymmetries between a university and its faculty. This paper explores how distinctive features of academia, including peer review, tenure, up or out rules, the negative seniority wage premium, the role of outside offers and the proliferation of academic journals, alleviate these constraints. The paper also studies how these issues affect the evolution of the organization of academia in North America.
JEL Classification: I2, J44
Date posted: January 7, 1998
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