Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=480276
 
 

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The Gender Gap, Fertility, and Growth


Oded Galor


Brown University - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

David N. Weil


Brown University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

November 1993

NBER Working Paper No. w4550

Abstract:     
This paper examines a novel mechanism linking fertility and growth. Household fertility is determined by relative wages of women and men. Increasing women's wages reduces fertility by raising the cost of children relatively more than household income. Lower fertility raises the level of capital per worker which in turn, since capital is more complementary to women's labor input than men's, raises women's relative wages. This positive feedback leads to the possibility of multiple steady-state equilibria. Countries with low initial capital may converge to a development trap with high fertility, low capital, and low relative wages for women.

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Date posted: January 7, 2008  

Suggested Citation

Galor, Oded and Weil, David N., The Gender Gap, Fertility, and Growth (November 1993). NBER Working Paper No. w4550. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=480276

Contact Information

Oded Galor (Contact Author)
Brown University - Department of Economics ( email )
Providence, RI 02912
United States
HOME PAGE: http://www.econ.brown.edu/fac/Oded_Galor/
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
HOME PAGE: http://www.econ.brown.edu/fac/Oded_Galor/
David Nathan Weil
Brown University - Department of Economics ( email )
Box B
Providence, RI 02912
United States
401-863-1754 (Phone)
401-863-1970 (Fax)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
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