Anchoring Bias and Covariate Nonresponse
University of St. Gallen - Swiss Institute for International Economics and Applied Economic Research
affiliation not provided to SSRN
University St. Gallen Economics Discussion Paper No. 2003-19
Non-random item nonreponse makes identification if parameters problematic. Such nonresponse can occur with respect to both dependent and conditioning variables. A method often used to reduce nonresponse is that of adding unfolding brackets as follow up to open-ended questions. With these, initial non-respondents can provide additional (incomplete) information on the missing values. However, recent studies suggest that responses to unfolding brackets can lead to a type of bias as a result of the Achoring Effect. In this paper, bounding intervals of the tzpe as presented in Horowitz and Manski (1998) are extended to incorporate information provided by bracket respondents while allowing for different types of anchoring, and, therefore, accounting for significant nonresponse in the conditioning set. The theoretical framework is illustrated with empirical evidence based on the 1996 wave of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS, 1996).
Number of Pages in PDF File: 48
Keywords: Unfolding bracket design, anchoring effects, survey nonresponse, bounding intervals
JEL Classification: C13, C14, C42, C81, D31working papers series
Date posted: January 13, 2004
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