Prospect Theory and the Long-Run Performance of IPO Stocks
University of Texas at Dallas - Naveen Jindal School of Management
14th Annual Conference on Financial Economics and Accounting (FEA)
We offer a new explanation for the long-run underperformance of IPO stocks using prospect theory. According to this theory, uncertain outcomes enter an investor's utility function through a nonlinear transformation of their probabilities. Small probability events are given more weight than in expected utility theory, whereas median and large probability events are given less weight. IPO stocks have more extreme positive returns; hence they are valued more in prospect theory than in expected utility theory. We test our theory with Ritter's (1991) IPO sample. Using parameter values consistent with previous experimental studies, we find investors value IPOs the same as seasoned stocks in a prospective utility setting, even though the formers' long-run average returns are much lower than the latters'.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 28working papers series
Date posted: January 20, 2004
© 2013 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
This page was processed by apollo4 in 0.469 seconds