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Improving UccNet-compliant B2B Supply-chain Applications Using a Context Interchange Framework


Steven Y. Tu


Soochow University

Stuart Madnick


Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

Luis Chin-Jung Wu


Savi Technology

February 2004

MIT Sloan Working Paper No. 4478-04; CISL Working Paper No. 2004-01

Abstract:     
UccNet is a globally centralized B2B electronic data platform for storing trading product item information and hosted by the non-profit international standardization institute EAN-UCC. It is an emerging B2B data communication standard for the retail industry with significant potential impact. Many US retailers are requesting their international suppliers for compulsory subscription by the year-end of either 2004 or 2005 and many major IT software providers and consulting firms specialized in supply chain management are preparing packaged services/solutions for this imminent demand.

In light of the increasing importance of UccNet on both the technology and application sides, this paper attempts to advance the following argument: Though UccNet establishes an architectural framework to resolve the many-to-many connectivity issue and data synchronization issue through a centralized product database and a uniform numbering system (i.e., Global Trade Item Numbering), there are context discrepancy issues remaining to be addressed. We show with a real case study that context discrepancy is inherent in the international trading applications where UccNet is intended to be used. Naturally, international trading partners tend to define and describe product item information differently. That difference, either due to the culture or the geographical location, is not considered in the original design of UccNet. As an example, the attribute "width" contained in the database schema of UccNet would be filled by a China-based supplier in 'meter' and yet be interpreted as 'feet' by the US retail buyer.

We show how the Context Interchange Framework, operating under the rationale of local autonomy and speaking to the resolution of context mediation issue, can be nicely incorporated into the existing UccNet framework to constitute theoretically a more complete technical solution and practically a more useful B2B supply chain business solution.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 14

Keywords: B2B, Retail Supply-Chain, UccNet, Data Connectivity and Synchronization, Context Interchange, Data Semantics

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Date posted: April 13, 2004  

Suggested Citation

Tu, Steven Y. and Madnick, Stuart and Wu, Luis Chin-Jung, Improving UccNet-compliant B2B Supply-chain Applications Using a Context Interchange Framework (February 2004). MIT Sloan Working Paper No. 4478-04; CISL Working Paper No. 2004-01. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=529702 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.529702

Contact Information

Steven Yi-Cheng Tu
Soochow University ( email )
No. 1 Shizi Street
Taipei, Jiangsu 215006
Taiwan
Stuart E. Madnick (Contact Author)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management ( email )
E53-321
Cambridge, MA 02142
United States
617-253-6671 (Phone)
617-253-3321 (Fax)
Luis Chin-Jung Wu
Savi Technology ( email )
5F No. 109, Sec. 4 Renai Rd
Taipei 106, Taiwan
China
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