Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=545666
 
 

References (82)



 
 

Citations (30)



 


 



What a Difference a Y Makes: Female and Male Nascent Entrepreneurs in Germany


Joachim Wagner


University of Lueneburg - Institute of Economics; Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Economics; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

May 2004

IZA Discussion Paper No. 1134

Abstract:     
In western industrialized countries men are on average more than twice as active in entrepreneurship as women. Based on data from a recent representative survey of the adult population in Germany this paper uses an empirical model for the decision to become selfemployed to test for differences between women and men in the ceteris paribus impact of several characteristics and attitudes, taking the rare events nature of becoming an entrepreneur into account. Furthermore, a non-parametric approach using Mahalanobisdistance matching of man and woman which are as similar as possible in all characteristics and attitudes but the small difference is used to investigate the difference in the propensity to become self-employed by gender. A core finding is that the difference between men and women in both the extent and the effect of considering fear of failure to be a reason not to start one's own business is important for the explanation of the gender gap in entrepreneurship.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 42

Keywords: nascent entrepreneurs, gender differences in entrepreneurship, Germany

JEL Classification: J23

working papers series


Download This Paper

Date posted: May 20, 2004  

Suggested Citation

Wagner, Joachim, What a Difference a Y Makes: Female and Male Nascent Entrepreneurs in Germany (May 2004). IZA Discussion Paper No. 1134. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=545666

Contact Information

Joachim Wagner (Contact Author)
University of Lueneburg - Institute of Economics ( email )
PO Box 2440
D-21314 Luneburg
Germany
+49 4131 677 2330 (Phone)
+49 4131 677 2026 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://www.uni-lueneburg.de/wifo
Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Economics ( email )
Kahlaische Strasse 10
D-07745 Jena, 07745
Germany
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 1,248
Downloads: 214
Download Rank: 78,695
References:  82
Citations:  30
Paper comments
No comments have been made on this paper

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo7 in 1.328 seconds