Going-Concern Judgments: An Experimental Test of the Self-Fulfilling Prophecy and Forecast Accuracy
Robert R. Tucker
Fordham University - Accounting Area
Ella Mae Matsumura
University of Wisconsin-Madison - Department of Accounting and Information Systems
University of Southern California - Leventhal School of Accounting
Journal of Accounting & Public Policy, Vol. 22, pp. 401-432, 2003
Statement on Auditing Standards No. 59 requires auditors to assess whether substantial doubt exists about a client's ability to remain a going concern. This study reports an experimental economic test of a game-theoretic model of that judgment. Competing behavioral predictions are based on loss avoidance, risk seeking, altruism, and adversarial play. We also examine how strategic dependence affects auditors' and clients' propensity to depart from equilibrium.
The auditor conveys to the client a forecast on business survival and the intention to express a clean or going-concern opinion. The client can attempt to avoid a going-concern opinion and its potential self-fulfilling prophecy effect by switching auditors. Several subjects played pure strategies consistent with loss avoidance, adversarial play, and risk seeking. Nevertheless, the experimental results support the model's prediction that the first treatment variable, self-fulfilling prophecy, leads auditors to express fewer going-concern opinions and leads clients to switch auditors more frequently, particularly when the audit evidence has low forecast accuracy. The second treatment variable, forecast accuracy, also has a significant effect on subject behavior. However, in contrast to the model's predictions, inaccurate forecasts did not lead auditors to express more clean opinions but led clients to switch auditors more frequently.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 33
Keywords: Experimental economics, auditing, altruism, adversarial, loss avoidance, going concern opinions, self-fulfilling prophecy
JEL Classification: M40Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: June 21, 2004
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