Socio-Economic Inequalities in Health in Catalonia
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE)
Ángel López Nicolás
Universitat Pompeu Fabra
UPF Working Paper No. 758
In this paper we measure the degree of income related inequality in mental health as measured by the GHQ instrument and general health as measured by the EQOL-5D instrument for the Catalan population. We find that income is the main contributor to inequality, although the share of inequality in mental health that can be explained by income is much greater than the corresponding share of inequality in general health. We also find that the variation in demographic structure reduces income related inequality in mental health but increases income related inequality in general health. The regional variations in both instruments for health are striking, with the Barcelona districts faring relatively bad with respect to the rest of geographical areas and Lleida being the health region where, all else held equal, the population reports the greatest level of health. A big share of inequality in the two health measures, but specially mental health, is due to the favourable position in both health and income of those who enjoy an indefinite contract with respect to the rest of individuals. We also find that risky working conditions affect both health measures and are able to explain an important share of socio-economic inequality.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 21
Keywords: Health inequalities, decomposition analysis, Spain
JEL Classification: D63, I12, C21working papers series
Date posted: July 12, 2004
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