The Long and Short of It: Maternity Leave Coverage and Women's Labor Market Outcomes
Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Economics; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Capital University - School of Management
Ohio State University
Bruce A. Weinberg
Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Economics; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
IZA Discussion Paper No. 1207
We investigate the effects of maternity leave coverage on women's post-birth wages, job tenure, and labor market attachment. We pay particular attention to unobservable characteristics that are correlated with maternity leave coverage and that affect labor market outcomes. We use a control sample, as well as a range of control variables, to address unobserved heterogeneity. We find evidence of substantial selection based on unobserved heterogeneity. Maternity leave effects on the three outcomes are found to be small and short-lived. This finding is understandable given that most policies in the United States allow leaves for only 12 weeks at most.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 33
Keywords: female labor market, wages, human capital, public policy, maternity leave
JEL Classification: J0, J1, J13, J16, J3, J38, J39working papers series
Date posted: July 26, 2004
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