Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=570222
 
 

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A Comparison of the Cell Phone Driver and the Drunk Driver


David L. Strayer


University of Utah

Dennis J. Crouch


University of Utah

Frank A. Drews


University of Utah

July 2004

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. 04-13

Abstract:     
We used a high-fidelity driving simulator to compare the performance of cell-phone drivers with drivers who were legally intoxicated from ethanol. When drivers were conversing on either a hand-held or hands-free cell-phone, their braking reactions were delayed and they were involved in more traffic accidents than when they were not conversing on the cell phone. By contrast, when drivers were legally intoxicated they exhibited a more aggressive driving style, following closer to the vehicle immediately in front of them and applying more force while braking. When controlling for driving conditions and time on task, cell-phone drivers exhibited greater impairment than intoxicated drivers. The results have implications for legislation addressing driver distraction caused by cell phone conversations.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 19

Keywords: cell phones, drunk drivers, performance, legislation

JEL Classification: L50

working papers series





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Date posted: July 28, 2004  

Suggested Citation

Strayer, David L. and Crouch, Dennis J. and Drews, Frank A., A Comparison of the Cell Phone Driver and the Drunk Driver (July 2004). AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. 04-13. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=570222 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.570222

Contact Information

David L. Strayer (Contact Author)
University of Utah ( email )
1645 E. Campus Center
Salt Lake City, UT 84112
United States
Dennis J. Crouch
University of Utah ( email )
1645 E. Campus Center
Salt Lake City, UT 84112
United States
Frank A. Drews
University of Utah ( email )
1645 E. Campus Center
Salt Lake City, UT 84112
United States
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