Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=572802
 
 

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What Accounts for International Differences in Student Performance? A Re-Examination Using PISA Data


Ludger Woessmann


Ifo Institute for Economic Research; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research); University of Munich - Ifo Institute for Economic Research

Thomas Fuchs


Ifo Institute for Economic Research

September 2004

IZA Discussion Paper No. 1287; CESifo Working Paper Series No. 1235

Abstract:     
We use the PISA student-level achievement database to estimate international education production functions. Student characteristics, family backgrounds, home inputs, resources, teachers and institutions are all significantly related to math, science and reading achievement. Our models account for more than 85 percent of the between-country performance variation, with roughly 25 percent accruing to institutional variation. Student performance is higher with external exams and budget formulation, but also with school autonomy in textbook choice, hiring teachers and within-school budget allocations. School autonomy is more beneficial in systems with external exit exams. Students perform better in privately operated schools, but private funding is not decisive.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 38

Keywords: education production function, PISA, international variation in student performance, institutional effects in schooling

JEL Classification: I28, J24, H52, L33

working papers series


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Date posted: August 6, 2004  

Suggested Citation

Woessmann, Ludger and Fuchs, Thomas, What Accounts for International Differences in Student Performance? A Re-Examination Using PISA Data (September 2004). IZA Discussion Paper No. 1287; CESifo Working Paper Series No. 1235. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=572802

Contact Information

Ludger Woessmann (Contact Author)
Ifo Institute for Economic Research ( email )
Poschingerstr. 5
Munich
Germany
++49 89 9224 1699 (Phone)
++49 89 9224 1460 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://www.cesifo.de/link/woessmann_l.htm
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)
Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany
University of Munich - Ifo Institute for Economic Research
Schackstr. 4
Munich, 80539
Germany
Thomas Fuchs
Ifo Institute for Economic Research ( email )
Munich
Germany
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