Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=600601
 
 

References (29)



 
 

Citations (1)



 


 



How Did the Social Policy Changes of the 1990s Affect Material Hardship among Single Mothers? Evidence from the CPS Food Security Supplement


Scott Winship


Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

Christopher Jencks


Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

July 7, 2004

KSG Working Paper No. RWP04-027

Abstract:     
Although many opponents of welfare reform predicted that it would increase hardship, the official poverty rate for female headed families with children fell from 42 percent in 1996 to 34 percent in 2002. Skeptics have nonetheless argued that declines in official poverty rates may have been accompanied by increases in material hardship, since single mothers who entered the labor market often incurred new expenses and lost valuable noncash benefits. We investigate this possibility using the Current Population Survey's Food Security Supplement. Food-related problems declined among mother-only families between 1995 and 2000 and rose between 2000 and 2002, but the decline was far larger than the subsequent increase. These changes parallel changes in the official poverty rate during the same years. In contrast to previous economic expansions, the proportional decline in poverty during the late-1990s was at least as large among mother-only families as among two-parent families. We argue that this change was linked to welfare reform and other social policy changes that encouraged single mothers to enter the labor force. As a result, single mothers' material standard of living probably improved more during this economic expansion than during earlier ones.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 60

Keywords: Welfare / Health Care/ Social Policy

working papers series


Download This Paper

Date posted: October 5, 2004  

Suggested Citation

Winship, Scott and Jencks, Christopher, How Did the Social Policy Changes of the 1990s Affect Material Hardship among Single Mothers? Evidence from the CPS Food Security Supplement (July 7, 2004). KSG Working Paper No. RWP04-027. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=600601 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.600601

Contact Information

Scott Winship
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )
79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Christopher Jencks (Contact Author)
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )
79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-495-0546 (Phone)
617-496-9053 (Fax)
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 1,301
Downloads: 146
Download Rank: 112,820
References:  29
Citations:  1

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo4 in 0.375 seconds