Cash Holdings and Business Conditions
Miguel A. Ferreira
Nova School of Business and Economics; European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)
Arizona State University - W. P. Carey School of Business
Clara C. Raposo
Technical University of Lisbon (UTL) - School of Economics and Management
We investigate the relation between business conditions and corporate liquidity decisions by US firms. We find strong evidence that financially constrained firms hold more cash during recessions and that business conditions are significant to constrained firms' cash decisions. In contrast, we find weak evidence that financially unconstrained firms adjust cash holdings according to the business cycle. This asymmetric behavior is more pronounced for changes in the short-term interest rate. Moreover, we find that firms increase the level of liquidity during periods of tighter credit conditions. Our findings support both the precautionary motive for holding cash and the pecking order theory.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 43
Keywords: Cash holdings, Liquidity, Business conditions
JEL Classification: G3, G32, G39
Date posted: October 25, 2004
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