Promotion of Competition on the Demand Side
Sean Forrest Ennis
Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) - Competition Division
Government of the Italian Republic (Italy) - Advanced School of Public Administration
November 18, 2004
Much government policy focuses on improving the supply-side conditions of product rivalry, but policymakers rarely address the potential beneficial impacts of improving the demand-side conditions of rivalry. This paper suggests that focus on such demand-side elements can yield substantial benefits to consumers, especially by changing the elasticity of residual demand faced by individual firms. Small changes in switching costs, search costs, or the number of "elastic" consumers can have large beneficial impacts on equilibrium outcomes. A number of practical examples are provided that illustrate how demand-side competition can be enhanced.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 18
Keywords: Competition, switching costs, search costs
JEL Classification: D10, D83, L14working papers series
Date posted: November 24, 2004
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