The Effect of Entering the WTO on the Oil Industry and the Economy of Taiwan
Academia Sinica - Institute of Economics
The World Economy, Vol. 27, No. 10, pp. 1537-1554, November 2004
The crude oil price of the world increased two-fold during 1999-2002. The price of domestic oil products for the same period increased with a smaller percentage, i.e., 27 per cent. This phenomenon could be attributed to Taiwan's oil market liberalisation after 2000 and its entering the WTO since November 2001. According to this study, the effect of entering the WTO itself suppressed the oil price from increase by 15.455 per cent in 2002. It also reduced the inflation rate by 0.74 per cent and increased the economic growth by 0.39 per cent. Nevertheless, entering the WTO also increases the competition in the oil industry, which is a big challenge to the domestic oil refinery sector and the state-owned Chinese Petroleum Corporation in particular. The price decrease of oil products also increases the demand for oil products and exacerbated air pollution and CO2 emissions. For minimising the negative impact of entering the WTO on the economy, the Taiwan government has devised a series of preparations in the last decade. Those preparations include a step-by-step market liberalisation plan, a strategy taken by the state-owned CPC, a new taxation implementation and the legislative works such as the Petroleum Act. This experience might be worthwhile for the reference of other economies.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 18Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: January 6, 2005
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