Preemption in the Rehnquist Court: A Preliminary Empirical Assessment
George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty; American Enterprise Institute (AEI)
University of Pennsylvania Law School; Erasmus School of Law; PERC - Property and Environment Research Center
December 13, 2004
Supreme Court Economic Review, Vol. 14, 2006, pp. 43-94
FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 136; FSU College of Law, Law and Economics Paper No. 05-08
George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 13-14
This article presents an empirical overview of the Rehnquist Court's record on preemption. We examine the universe of preemption cases decided by the Rehnquist Court, rather than merely a sample of landmark cases. In deciding preemption cases, we find that the Court is particularly sensitive to whether or not a state is a party to the case and whether or not the Solicitor General takes an anti-preemption position. Lastly we examine the individual justices' votes in preemption cases, finding no consistent voting blocs among the justices, nor do we find that any individual justice consistently fills the swing vote position in close cases.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 53
Keywords: conservative, EPA, economic regulation, employment, environment, FDA, federal, federalism, health, liberal, Judicial Data Base, justices, labor, NHTSA, OSHA, public benefits, safety, signaling, state law, statutory, supreme, tax, taxation, Thomas Merrill, tort claims, transportation, voting blocs
JEL Classification: D78, H77, K40
Date posted: December 13, 2004 ; Last revised: February 19, 2013
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