The Political Economy of Public Use in Poletown: How Federal Grants Encourage Excessive Use of Eminent Domain
William A. Fischel
Dartmouth College - Department of Economics; Lincoln Institute of Land Policy
This article argues that the use of eminent domain that was at issue in Poletown [304 N.W.2d 455 (Mich. 1981)] was flawed by fiscal constraints. The funding for the project, which leveled a thickly-settled neighborhood of Detroit in order to build an automobile plant, was provided almost entirely by the federal government. I argue that it is unlikely that the city of Detroit would have undertaken the project if it was required to raise its own funds to finance it or if the money had been given to the city by the federal government to do with as it pleased. The Michigan Supreme Court's intentions in Hathcock [684 N.W.2d 765 (Mich. 2004)] to forestall the use of eminent domain for Poletown-like economic development would be better served by an inquiry into the nature of the financing of the projects than a categorical ban on them.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 29
Keywords: Eminent domain, public use, takings clause, local taxes, intergovernmental grants
JEL Classification: K11, H7
Date posted: January 10, 2005
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