Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=648048
 
 

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Water for Life: The Impact of the Privatization of Water Services on Child Mortality


Sebastian Galiani


University of Maryland

Paul J. Gertler


University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Ernesto Schargrodsky


Universidad Torcuato Di Tella


Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 113, pp. 83-120, February 2005

Abstract:     
While most countries are committed to increasing access to safe water and thereby reducing child mortality, there is little consensus on how to actually improve water services. One important proposal under discussion is whether to privatize water provision. In the 1990s Argentina embarked on one of the largest privatization campaigns in the world, including the privatization of local water companies covering approximately 30 percent of the country's municipalities. Using the variation in ownership of water provision across time and space generated by the privatization process, we find that child mortality fell 8 percent in the areas that privatized their water services and that the effect was largest (26 percent) in the poorest areas. We check the robustness of these estimates using cause-specific mortality. While privatization is associated with significant reductions in deaths from infectious and parasitic diseases, it is uncorrelated with deaths from causes unrelated to water conditions.

Accepted Paper Series


Not Available For Download

Date posted: January 13, 2005  

Suggested Citation

Galiani, Sebastian and Gertler, Paul J. and Schargrodsky, Ernesto, Water for Life: The Impact of the Privatization of Water Services on Child Mortality. Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 113, pp. 83-120, February 2005. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=648048

Contact Information

Sebastian Galiani
University of Maryland ( email )
Department of Economics
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742
United States
Paul J. Gertler (Contact Author)
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business ( email )
545 Student Services Building
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States
510-642-1418 (Phone)
510-642-4700 (Fax)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Ernesto Schargrodsky
Universidad Torcuato Di Tella ( email )
Minones 2159
1428 Buenos Aires, 1428
Argentina
+54 11 4784 0080 (Phone)
+54 11 4783 3220 (Fax)
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