Explaining the Level of Credit Spreads: Option-Implied Jump Risk Premia in a Firm Value Model
University of Notre Dame
Tilburg University - Department of Finance; CentER Tilburg University
Pascal J. Maenhout
INSEAD - Finance
BIS Working Paper No. 191
EFA 2006 Zurich Meetings
Prices of equity index put options contain information on the price of systematic downward jump risk. We use a structural jump-diffusion firm value model to assess the level of credit spreads that is generated by option-implied jump risk premia. In our compound option pricing model, an equity index option is an option on a portfolio of call options on the underlying firm values. We calibrate the model parameters to historical information on default risk, the equity premium and equity return distribution, and S&P 500 index option prices. Our results show that a model without jumps fails to fit the equity return distribution and option prices, and generates a low out-of-sample prediction for credit spreads. Adding jumps and jump risk premia improves the fit of the model in terms of equity and option characteristics considerably and brings predicted credit spread levels much closer to observed levels.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 50
Keywords: Credit spreads, jump risk premium, firm value model
JEL Classification: G12, G13
Date posted: March 4, 2005
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