References (47)



Growth, Investor Protection and Security Design

Nisan Langberg

University of Houston - C.T. Bauer College of Business

June 2006

AFA 2006 Boston Meetings Paper

We analyze the optimal financial contract of a growing firm. The analysis is based on firms' need to repeatedly raise funds in the presence of information asymmetries. When insiders can divert funds from the firm at the expense of investors and at the expense of future investment, valuable future growth opportunities act as a disciplinary device. Namely, they provide insiders with the incentive to repay investors and mitigate the need for control mechanisms (e.g., monitoring by investors). The optimal financial contract resembles a combination of external equity and risky debt. The fraction of investment that is financed with external equity is shown to be higher for firms with more valuable growth opportunities. Outside equity emerges as an optimal security entirely as a consequence of the dynamics of the problem. In a one-period version of the model, the optimal security is debt. The model can help explain the reliance of high-growth firms on equity financing, the well-known empirical regularity that more profitable firms have lower leverage ratios, and is consistent with firms' reliance on equity financing in countries with strong investor protection.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 37

Keywords: Financial Contracts, Investor Protection, Security Design, Outside Equity, Debt financing, Firm Dynamics

JEL Classification: G33, G32, G24

Open PDF in Browser Download This Paper

Date posted: March 24, 2005  

Suggested Citation

Langberg, Nisan, Growth, Investor Protection and Security Design (June 2006). AFA 2006 Boston Meetings Paper. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=687287 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.687287

Contact Information

Nisan Langberg (Contact Author)
University of Houston - C.T. Bauer College of Business ( email )
Houston, TX 77204-6021
United States
Feedback to SSRN

Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 1,589
Downloads: 112
References:  47

© 2016 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollobot1 in 0.156 seconds