American Depositary Receipts (ADR) Holdings of U.S. Based Emerging Market Funds
Georgetown University - Robert Emmett McDonough School of Business
Georgetown University - Department of Finance
Leora F. Klapper
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3538
The benefits of cross-listing for a foreign issuer are extensively documented in the literature, however it is not clear what motivates investors to hold American Depositary Receipts (ADRs) rather than the underlying stock of these issuers. We analyze the investment allocation decision of mutual fund managers to invest in emerging market firms that are listed in their domestic markets and have also issued ADRs in the U.S. Although legal provisions are typically assumed to affect ADRs and their underlying domestic shares equally, investors holding ADRs may have a higher level of legal protection as these securities are issued and traded in the U.S. We find that ADRs are the preferred mode of holdings if the local market of the issuer has weak investor protection, low liquidity and high transaction costs, and if the firm is small and has limited analyst following. We also find that not all ADR listings are associated with low liquidity in the underlying security. In fact, firms with strong liquidity for their underlying security are likely to be held via their underlying security rather than the ADRs. This suggests that ADR listings of local firms might not negatively impact local markets if the investment climate is good.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 51working papers series
Date posted: April 1, 2005
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