Feasibility and Conditionality of Inflation Targeting Among Central European Candidates for the EU Accession
Lucjan T. Orlowski
Sacred Heart University - John F. Welch College of Business
IWH Forschungsreihe, 1999
Monetary policies of Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic have undergone a significant transformation in the 1990s. The initial currency peg and the exchange-rate-based monetary policy has been gradually replaced by more flexible exchange rates and money-based policies. Preparations for accession to the European Union, and, later to the European Monetary Union call for further policy advancements including effective measures for lowering inflation, for reducing volatility of interest rates and market exchange rates, and for stabilizing domestic financial markets. Monetary authorities need to gain credibility for their policies, which should become more transparent, forward-looking and predictable. This paper argues that direct inflation targeting will be a desirable monetary policy approach for accomplishing this objective. At the initial stage of monetary policy adjustments, a stricter form of inflation targeting is proposed in order to strengthen central banks policy discipline and commitment to disinflation. When price indexes reach a more sustainable level, flexible inflation targeting is advised. After the candidates join the EU and begin preparations for accession to the EMU, direct inflation targeting will have to be gradually phased-out and replaced by the euro-peg.
Keywords: Transition economies, monetary policy targeting, direct inflation targeting, monetary convergence, euro-peg
JEL Classification: E52, P24
Date posted: April 24, 2005
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