Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=714982
 
 

Citations (2)



 
 

Footnotes (31)



 


 



Trumping Precedent with Original Meaning: Not as Radical as It Sounds


Randy E. Barnett


Georgetown University Law Center

May 2, 2005

Boston Univ. School of Law Working Paper No. 05-08

Abstract:     
In recent years, originalism as a method of interpretation has grown in its intellectual and practical appeal. The latest challenge to originalism from nonoriginalists is based on the doctrine of precedent. Acceptance of originalism, it is charged, would necessitate the reversal of crucially important landmark decisions and thereby provides a reductio ad absurdum of originalism. Until recently, few originalists have considered carefully the relationship between originalism and the doctrine of stare decisis (though this situation is starting to change). In this short essay, I contend that original meaning should indeed trump previous Supreme Court decisions that are inconsistent with the original meaning of the Constitution. But the main thrust of the essay explains why this implication is not as radical as it sounds because there remains much room for the doctrine of precedent in originalism. It is not incompatible with original public meaning originalism to adhere to precedent in cases involving (a) nonconstitutional issues, (b) matters of constitutional construction, (c) detrimental reliance by identifiable individuals, (d) epistemic concerns about the correctness of originalist claims, and perhaps also (e) where the text was originally ambiguous. Knowing the degree to which a commitment to originalism entails the rejection of the doctrine of precedent may well influence the degree to which originalism is deemed acceptable by academics, judges, and the general public. For this reason, it is important to make clear that a commitment to following original meaning where it conflicts with judicial precedent is far less radical a stance than critics of originalism, and perhaps even some originalists, assume.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 14

Keywords: constitution, originalism, interpretation, precedent, stare decisis

JEL Classification: K10, K39, K49

working papers series





Download This Paper

Date posted: May 4, 2005  

Suggested Citation

Barnett, Randy E., Trumping Precedent with Original Meaning: Not as Radical as It Sounds (May 2, 2005). Boston Univ. School of Law Working Paper No. 05-08. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=714982 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.714982

Contact Information

Randy E. Barnett (Contact Author)
Georgetown University Law Center ( email )
600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States
202-662-9936 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://www.randybarnett.com
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 9,395
Downloads: 796
Download Rank: 16,400
Citations:  2
Footnotes:  31

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo7 in 0.297 seconds