Conceptual Analysis, the Naturalistic Turn, and Legal Philosophy
Kenneth Einar Himma
University of Washington - School of Law
September 2, 2006
Quine's argument that there is no non-circular way to explicate the notion of analyticity, together with his observation that any claim can be revised in the face of recalcitrant experience, is thought by many philosophers to have conclusively refuted traditional views about conceptual analysis and metaphysics. In this essay, I consider what I take to be the major arguments against the possibility of doing conceptual analysis as traditionally conceived. In particular, I consider (1) the denial of the distinction between analytic and synthetic statements; (2) recent research on the fallibility of ordinary intuitions; (3) the idea that all claims are revisable in the face of recalcitrant experience;(4) the claim that even putatively conceptual claim are contingent in character; and (5) the claim that traditional conceptual analysis (henceforth TCA) presupposes a discredited epistemological foundationalism. I argue that these arguments are all vulnerable to serious objections; the matter is not at all as straightforward as some philosophers seem to believe. Although the counterarguments presented below are probably not conclusive, they show that much more work is needed to succeed in showing that philosophy needs to be "naturalized."
Number of Pages in PDF File: 25
Keywords: naturalism, conceptual analysis, legal philosophy, analyticity, Quine, Leiter
Date posted: May 23, 2005
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